Trauma is an injury to the body caused by accident or violence. In medicine, traumatology (from Greek trauma, meaning injury or wound) is the study of wounds and injuries caused by accidents or violence to a person, and the surgical therapy and repair of the damage.
Traumatologists are physicians that specialize in this area of medicine. They work closely with surgeons because they often perform surgery on patients who have sustained significant injuries as a result of accidents or violent acts.
The following article discusses some of the scientific principles behind how trauma affects humans on a physiological level during both traumatic events and post-traumatic stress disorders.
Physiological effects of trauma:
– Physical changes in the body caused by injury, such as increased heart rate and blood pressure.
– Hyperarousal or “fight or flight” response to stressful stimuli can lead to anxiety disorders like PTSD when constant exposure to traumatizing experiences occurs over time.